Before October 7, I was quite certain that the systematic murder of 6 million Jews, including 1.5 million children, would have caused people of good will throughout the world — had they witnessed it in real time — to pressure their governments to put an end to it. Now, I’m not so sure.

Kristallnacht, or "night of the broken glass," was a horrific event that will remain etched in the minds of Jews forever. On that fateful night, Jewish-owned businesses and synagogues were destroyed by the Nazis and other anti-Semites, in what may have marked the beginning of the Holocaust.