An aeriel view of the Israeli 'Tamar' gas processing rig 24 km off the Israeli southern coast of Ashkelon. Noble Energy and Delek are the main partners in the Tamar gas field, estimated to contain 10 trillion cubic feet of gas. June 23, 2014. Photo by Moshe Shai/FLASH90 (Moshe Shai/FLASH90)
Tamar Gas Field

Israel’s Energy and Infrastructure Ministry received more than 1 billion shekels ($263 million) in natural gas royalties in the first half of 2023.


Israel’s Energy and Infrastructure Ministry has received more than 11.7 billion shekels ($3.8 billion) in natural gas royalties to date, of which more than 1 billion shekels ($263 million) were received in the first half of 2023.

That second figure represents a 23% jump from the first half of 2022.

The revenue growth stems from increases in the production of natural gas for export and the production of hydrocarbon liquids, as well as a rise in the value of the dollar against the shekel — because the prices of exports are set in dollars.

The Energy Ministry’s Division of Royalties, Accounting and Economics published the report.

Royalties from exports totaled approximately 590 million shekels ($155 million—58.6% of the royalties in the first half of 2023.

Royalties from the Leviathan reservoir—Israel’s largest—during the same period amounted to approximately 482 million shekels ($127 million) from the production of approximately 5.44 billion cubic meters (BCM) of gas. The Leviathan royalties were up 6.4% from the same period last year.

Most (about 86.12%) of the Leviathan royalties came from exports, with the balance produced by sales to the domestic market.

Royalties produced by the Tamar reservoir in the first half of 2023 totaled 379 million shekels ($100 million), up 3.4% from the corresponding period last year. Approximately 4.91 BCM of gas was produced.

Royalties from the Karish reservoir (which began production in October 2022) in the first six months of 2023 totaled 145 million shekels ($38 million) from the production of approximately 1.97 BCM of natural gas and approximately 947,000 barrels of hydrocarbon liquids.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu held a discussion on the state of the natural gas industry on Sunday, his office said.

The premier received a comprehensive briefing from Energy Minister Israel Katz along with a forecast for the next 25 years of offshore production and ways to boost exports.

National Economic Council Director Avraham Simhon and his team presented similar data to that of Katz regarding the expansion of production and exports.

Netanyahu decided to establish a joint Energy and Infrastructure Ministry, Finance Ministry and National Economic Council team “to formulate a plan to provide a horizon for companies and certainty for the local economy.”

He also reiterated that Katz is authorized to approve exports “to ensure the energy security of the State of Israel and fight the cost of living while maximizing the diplomatic benefits.”

Israel’s economy saved more than 316 billion shekels ($86.1 billion) over the past decade thanks to its “natural gas revolution,” according to a study released in early August. The report, by economic consulting firm BDO and the Israeli Natural Gas Trade Association, said this reflected a savings of more than 120,000 shekels ($32,000) for every family in Israel over the past decade.

According to the study’s projections, an additional 70 billion shekels ($19 billion) of natural gas funds are forecast to be paid into the state treasury by 2030, with that figure expected to rise to more than 300 billion ($81.8 billion) by 2050.

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