Cairo Genizah

Remnants of one of the oldest surviving Passover haggadahs in the world, which was discovered in the Cairo Genizah, are currently on display as part of an exhibit at the National Library of Israel in Jerusalem. The haggadah, hand-scribed on parchment, dates from the 12th century CE.

Seder, circa 1943, held in Europe during WWII

Although we should not abandon even the most seemingly insignificant customs of the Seder, it is appropriate to emphasize rituals that are absolutely required.

seder plate

There are 5 mitzvot (commandments) that every Jew must perform at the Seder. Two are biblical in origin, and three are mandated by the rabbis.