The use of children by terror organizations is not a new phenomenon as some might believe. The recent bombing in Turkey – carried out by a 12-year-old – highlights that fact that children have been used to commit acts of terror for years.
The suicide attacker who detonated his explosives amid an outdoor Kurdish wedding party in southeastern Turkey, killing at least 51 people, was an Islamic State (ISIS) group child as young as 12 years old. The Islamic terror group has a history of using children as weapons, sending them to their death strapped with explosives and putting them on front lines in Iraq and Syria.
The group maintains an army of child soldiers, which it calls “cubs of the caliphate,” and seeks to re-educate children at ISIS-run schools, indoctrinating them with the group’s own version of Islam and exposing them to violent acts, including beheadings, as part of a concerted effort to build a new generation of militants. ISIS videos have shown boys killing ISIS opponents through beheadings and shootings.
But the practice is not restricted to ISIS and has been used by other Muslim terror groups.
Here’s a look at some:
The Islamic State
The group has deployed child suicide bombers to stage attacks in both Iraq and Syria.
Among the most deadly attacks was a bombing at a youth soccer game at a stadium south of Baghdad on March 25, 2016. A bomber — believed be a teenager — detonated his explosives as officials were handing out trophies to players after the tournament, killing 29 and wounding 60. ISIS claimed responsibility and released a photo of the terrorist in which he appears to be no more than 16 years old. Nearly half of those killed were also children, participating in the soccer game or cheering from the stands.
The UN’s children’s agency, UNICEF, said in a recent report that thousands of children have been abducted in Iraq. Girls, the group says, are at greatest risk of being sold into sexual slavery while boys are often forced into becoming combatants or suicide bombers.
Human Rights groups and UNICEF report a dramatic increase in Boko Haram‘s use of children as suicide bombers. In a report earlier this year, UNICEF said one in five suicide attacks claimed by the Muslim terror group across Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad are now carried out by children.
In Nigeria, Human Rights Watch said that since Boko Haram began its attacks in 2009, it has recruited hundreds, and possibly thousands, of youngsters and used dozens, mostly girls, as suicide bombers.
The global terror network has a history of recruiting children and training them to be suicide bombers.
The leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, used teenagers as suicide bombers to fight the American troops in Iraq before he was killed in a US airstrike in 2006. Al-Qaida in Iraq eventually developed into what today is the Islamic State group.
Hamas, Islamic Jihad and other Palestinain Muslim terror groups run summer camps that seek to indoctrinate Palestinian children with violent anti-Israel ideologies and train them as terrorists.
These groups have not sent young children on suicide missions, though during the second Palestinian uprising in the early 2000s, several Palestinians as young as 16 carried out suicide bombings.
In the current, almost year-long wave of violence, dozens of Palestinian teenagers have carried out stabbing attacks on Israelis, with the youngest perpetrator just 11 years old. These actions are the fruits of the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) education system.
In Yemen, home to one of the world’s most heavily armed civilian population, boys often learn how to handle weapons from an early age. In the country’s current conflict, irregular forces from both the pro-government and rebel sides have incorporated teenagers into their ranks.
By: AP and United with Israel Staff
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